Interactive Research Ethics Timeline

Interactive Research Ethics Timeline

Use this timeline to explore milestones in the ethics of research with humans and other animals.


Using the Interactive Research Ethics Timeline

Welcome to the PRIM&R Interactive Research Ethics Timeline! This guide is designed to enhance your experience with this resource across all devices.

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Some of the information in the tooltips has been sourced from the following:

  1. Gordon, H. S. (1999). The history of the Public Health Service policy on the humane care and use of laboratory animals. In 50 Years of Laboratory Animal Science (pp. 152-159). American Association for Laboratory Animal Science. Retrieved [April 8, 2024], from
  2. Interagency Collaborative Animal Research Education (ICARE) Project. (n.d.). ICARE timeline. Retrieved [April 8, 2024], from

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Accommodation Statement

PRIM&R is committed to hosting inclusive, accessible content that enable all individuals to engage and participate fully. For inquiries about accessibility or requests for specific accommodations, please contact Scott Rule at or 617-303-1876.

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Test Your Research Ethics Knowledge

Challenge yourself with this 10-question quiz (5 human research questions, 5 nonhuman animal research questions).You can research and return at any time!